Category Archives: Endocrine Disorders

Recognizing and Treating Overactive Thyroid Gland

How to Recognize and Treat Hyperthyroidism? Over active thyroid gland results in hyperthyroidism. This condition is characterized by the production of excess of thyroid hormones. Recognizing Hyperthyroidism Though the symptoms mimic other conditions encountered in  day to day life, a careful observation followed by investigations may reveal the condition. Common Symptoms Loss of body weight, […]

Causes of Virilization and Hirsutism in Women

Reasons Leading to Virilization in Women Virilization refers to an abnormal development of male physiological characteristics in females. This may include excessive hair growth known as hirsutism. Let’s discuss briefly the mechanism and causes of virilization and hirsutism in women. Detection of cause is made on the basis of symptoms and age group. A general […]

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5-HIAA) 24 Hour Urine Test

5-Hydroxyindoleacetic Acid (5HIAA) 24 Hour Urine Test 5-Hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) is the major metabolite of serotonin. Increased amount are found in intestinal carcinoid tumors and neuroendocrine tumors, especially when carcinoid syndrome is present. Carcinoid syndrome is characterized by serotonin producing tumors, flushing, heart problem, and some degree of hepatomegaly. Normal Reference Range 2-10 years < […]

Post Menopausal Women With Hirsutism and High Testosterone

Hirsutism and Virilizing Signs in Post Menopausal Woman Q: Hello, my name is Dan. My wife, who is 60 years old, suffers from hirsutism with virilizing symptoms. Her testosterone levels are in the male range, and her LH is elevated. DHEA is normal. After a pelvic exam and transvaginal ultrasound, it was determined that she […]

Serum Calcium Lab Test – If Ca Blood Levels Normal Low or High

Testing Calcium in Blood and Understanding Its Results Calcium is an important mineral required for many important functions of the body, including muscle contraction, impulse transmission in the nerves, heart muscle functioning etc. Distribution of Calcium in the Body 98% of body’s calcium is present in the bones and teeth. It’s only the remaining 2% […]

PCOS With Increased DHEA

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome With High DHEA Q: I recently got a pelvic transabdominal ultrasound to exclude PCOS. It was found that I have a large left-sided adnexal cyst 10.2×9.0×7.5 cm. My family doctor suggested I get another ultrasound. But I am worried. Can this be a tumor? I am in my early 20s and have […]