Normal healthy vagina is smooth and pinkish in color. Infections, tumors, or any other underlying systemic disease often represents with some abnormal signs it he vagina.
White Spots or Ulcers
These may be spotted appearance, commonly white spots, or vaginal ulcers.
The white spots on the vagina may or may not be normal, depending on their numbers, appearance and associated symptoms. A few of such spots without any associated symptom may be considered normal. However if they are many accompanied with some discharge, fever, urge, pain or any other symptom, they are surely abnormal and the cause needs to be evaluated.
Diseases showing white spots as their associated feature include:
- Candidiasis (yeast infection)
- Lichen sclerosus
- Human papilloma virus (HPV)
Causes of Vaginal Ulcers
The three major causes of genital ulcer disease (GUD) in the United States are:
- Herpes simplex virus
- Treponema pallidum (syphilis)
- Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid)
Some of the above are STDs, hence it would be advisable to practice safe sex (using condoms, avoid directly touching the lesions) until the exact cause of the problem is not identified.
Most such diseases are treatable with short course of medications such as antibiotics and antifungals.