Thinning and Falling of Hair
If you have thin hair, you need to get evaluated by a doctor to rule out the presence of any disease. Hair fall is usually associated with this condition.
Normal hair shed is 50 to 100 hair strands per day.
Thin hair are prone to breakage. Also, they tend to shed more frequently. They easily snap off and fall.
The cause may be in our hygiene habits or some disease state.
Certain lifestyle habits are attributed to weakening of hair strands. The first is using hot water for washing hair. Hot water washes away the natural oil present covering the hair strands. This makes them look thin and lusterless. This layer is protective. Also, as the scalp is rendered dry, it sheds hair prematurely to cause hair fall.
Similar situation persists when hair drying tools or styling tools are used. The hair strands are subjected to high temperatures which are damage them. Over usage of such tools make hair brittle and dull looking.
Always apply heat protection lotions when you need to use these heat blowers.
Combing or brushing the hair when still wet may cause them to snap off easily. Use the comb when the hair are three- fourth dry.
A diet that lacks nutrition can be bad for your hair. This may occurs in situations where you eat more of junk food or when you diet a lot to reduce weight.
Hair need a lot of simple proteins, vitamins, especially vitamin B, and minerals like iron, zinc etc. for proper growth. Assure that your diet has all these components.
Some medicines may cause hair fall as a side effect. They include androgen containing birth control pills, anti psychotic medication, drug for hypothyroid states etc.
Dandruff is another cause. This is basically an inflammatory condition of the scalp. It may be caused due to many factors. One is dryness.
A dry scalp sheds off dead skin cells which appear as dry flakes called dandruff.
Oily dandruff is another type, where the scalp is usually red and inflamed. Outer most skin cells are shed and hair fall accompanies.
Some inflammatory skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis may affect the scalp and lead to hair fall.
Fungal infection over the scalp. It is commonly called ringworm infection. The skin appears red. It is itchy. The condition is treated by use of an anti fungal shampoo, like nizoral.
After exposure to radiations as in radiotherapy for malignancies.
When thyroid gland malfunctions, hair and skin are affected. Excessive hair fall may be seen.
Psoriasis, which is a chronic condition. The skin of the scalp is inflamed. It is red and often dead silvery scales are found on the scalp. This is an autoimmune disease, where our body’s immune cells fight against their own cells.
Hair are also affected in certain enteropathies, like celiac disease.
It is essential to diagnose why the hair are thinning and subsequently falling off. A detailed history with examination would reveal the cause, if it is some nutrition problem, some disease state etc.
Treatment is prescribed on the basis of the cause.
- For good hair growth, eat nutritious. Include adequate proteins, fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet.
- Wash your hair weekly or biweekly, as per need. Excessive washing is not recommended.
- Frequent change of shampoos is not advisable.
- Oil your hair and massage your scalp well on a regular basis.
- Visit your doctor at the earliest if your hair start falling or thin out.