Small Red Bumps Over the Tongue
A normal tongue is pinkish in color and is covered by small nodules, which are actually papillae (taste buds).
Tongue is a common site to study while diagnosing an illness. This is because, it faces many external disease causing culprits. Apart from this, it is expressive and gives a hint towards the disease.
One may get a small red bumps or blisters over the tongue. This indicates some irritation over the surface of the tongue.
Common Causes for Red Blisters Over the Tongue
Any kind of trauma may lead to irritation over the surface of the tongue. This may give to red blisters. These are usually confined to the affected area.
You may be drinking some hot fluid and burn your tongue, eating some food stuff which has sharp edges or having something very spicy.
Aphthous ulcers (canker sores)
They are white or yellow in color with reddish margins around them. Their presence usually indicates a nutritional deficiency, especially vitamin B. They are also found in gastric upsets, both diarrhea and constipation. Phases of excessive stress, as during examinations, also show their appearance.
Such ulcers are also found if your have a sharp edged tooth or an ill fitting denture.
As they appear any where else on the body, allergic rashes may be found over the tongue also. If you take some food stuff you are allergic to, red itchy bumps may show up.
These are commoner under the tongue and the inner sides of the cheek.
Such rashes respond well to antiallergics. Also, the food causing irritation needs to be avoided.
They are caused due to herpes simplex virus ((type 1). Often, you may have a mild fever.
Red swollen bumps may be found. They are commoner to appear over the lips, however, they may occur over the tongue surface also.
The bumps get aggravated when exposed to sunlight, stress of any kind, emotional or physical, nutritional deficiency states.
Sores here are painless, firm to hard to touch and often solitary. They generally appear over the genitals, but sometimes in the mouth as well.
Specific treatment would depend upon the cause of red bumps.
Red blisters are usually painful and one is not able to have food due to pain. Glycerin based oral ointments may be applied over the affected area for relief.
Non steroidal anti inflammatory mouth rinse containing benzydamine (tantum oral rinse) are available in the market. They are quite effective in reducing overall pain and inflammation.
If the pain is too much, a pain relieving pill may be given.
Steroid mouth washes (ledercort), may be used in resistant cases of mouth blisters.