Routine Cystic Swellings Vs. PGL of AIDS Virus
Q. I had a painless lump on my scrotum which disappeared after about 5 days. About 6-8 weeks ago, I have had small painless lump too in my armpit. It stayed for 2 weeks and gradually disappeared. There were no other symptoms during that period. Is it HIV related? I am 38 years old and male.
There are many causes of painless lymph node enlargement, apart from HIV.
Lymph nodes commonly enlarge in HIV infections. These nodes are basically filters that catch germ cells or cancer cells. Consequently they get enlarged.
In an HIV positive person, the enlargement of lymph node may occur due to one of the following reasons:
- As a defensive response to the viral particles of HIV
- Due to some carcinoma. Cancers are very common in HIV.
- In response to some other infection. Opportunistic infections are very common in HIV patients.
Other symptoms of HIV may or may not accompany.
Common Symptoms of HIV Include:
- Achy muscles, joints
- Skin rash
- Sore throat, headache
- Weight loss
- Nausea, vomiting
- Dry cough
- Night sweats
- Nail changes
- Fungal infections
- Confusion, difficulty in concentrating
- Cold sores, genital herpes
- Tingling and weakness
HIV does not have any diagnostic symptoms. The picture may resemble that of common flu or some other illness. Sometimes, the virus may reside quietly in the body giving no symptom at all.
Therefore it is recommended to get screened for HIV on an yearly basis, especially if you feel you are prone to it.