Effects of Cocaine on Fetus During Pregnancy
The drug is very toxic, both for the baby as well as for the mother’s health. It should never be consumed during pregnancy and lactation.
Pregnancy is a phase when you hold responsibility. This is the first promise you make to a soul that you would guard him in this world. Do not take any toxin, addiction during this phase. This would be breaking your promise towards the innocent one, who is counting on you for his protection.
Cocaine Crosses Placental Barrier
Cocaine and its metabolites are very potent and are able to cross the placental barrier. Thereby, the drug enters the baby’s circulatory system, affecting all its organs.
Effects During Early Pregnancy
When taken early during pregnancy, it increases the chances of miscarriages. During these months, the neural tube of the baby is being formed. The drug affects it adversely to cause permanent neural damages.
It may lead to detachment of the placenta from the uterine lining, a condition called abruptio placentae. This condition presents with severe bleeding and, if not arrested, may finally cause termination of pregnancy.
Effects During Late Pregnancy
When taken late during pregnancy, the drug almost always lead to preterm labors. The baby born is weak and often the birth weight is less. He may have a smaller head with overall restricted growth of the body.
This is because cocaine reduces the amount of blood oxygen and nutrients the baby receives. The fetus stays deprived and may even die.
The baby may be born dependent on the drug and suffer from withdrawal symptoms. After birth, he may show symptoms such as tremors, localized muscle spasms, feeding difficulties and restlessness. He may not sleep well and be cranky. He may be irritable, not responsive and it may be difficult to establish a bond with the mother.
As he grows older, he may have difficulty focusing on a subject. Learning disabilities and attention problems soon surface up.
There may be defects in his kidney function, liver or the brain. Reproductive functions are likely to be affected and may show up as he reaches the teens.
Incidence of SIDS (sudden infant death syndrome) is much more in babies who have indirect consumed the drug through their mother.
It is very difficult to detoxify the baby if the drug has been taken during pregnancy. The drug crosses the placental barrier easily and adversely affects the fetus.
Completely abstain from the drug as early as possible. Also, abstain from alcohol, which holds back the drug in the body.
Drink plenty of water and fresh fruit juices. Avoid all stimulants like tea and coffee.
Fruits and vegetables (stewed or raw) are the best detoxifiers. Consume plenty of them to wash away the toxic effects of the drug.