Blood in Sputum or Hemoptysis
Q: Sir, I have problem of dry cough since last 2 months. After taking antibiotics, it has subsided now. But since last 4 days, I have been seeing some amount of blood few times while spitting after cough. This does not come every time. I got blood and sputum tests, all reports are normal. X-ray is also normal.
Although I get cough every alternate year but not for such a long period. This time my cough has subsided but still the blood in sputum is there.
I have consulted doctor who told me it’s an infection. I want to know few things:
1) I want to be sure it is not cancer.
2) What is the reason of spitting blood?
3) How can it be treated?
4) What precautions should I take?
Blood in spit with or without cough, is to be taken seriously. Though you have got a few investigations done, further evaluation is still required to rule out various common causes of this symptom.
Common Causes of Blood in Sputum
This condition is the commonest. This is very prevalent in India. So get your sputum test for AFB done at the earliest. If you have already got this test done, it would be worth repeating it.
You may or may not have any other symptom of TB. Cough in TB is usually long. Mild to low fever with night sweats are common.
Blood in sputum is one of the symptoms of this condition. This type of malignancy is common among smokers.
Other symptoms include reduction in weight and long standing cough.
Aspergilloma, bronchiectasis or coccidioidomycosis.
A condition where unwanted fibrosis occurs in the lung.
Only after getting investigated properly, a diagnosis would be possible.